Big Bank Levy

The Greens think it’s time
we had a little more for Queenslanders,
and a little less for the big banks.

Australian banks are some of the most profitable in the world. Over the last four years the five biggest banks have made $173 billion in pre-tax profits. The biggest banks get special protection from the government because they are seen as “too big to fail”, which amounts to a huge effective subsidy. 

Banks have made massive profits ripping off ordinary people. A study by the University of Melbourne found that bank ‘misconduct’ had cost Australians over $201 billion over the last five years. Based on Queensland’s share of the economy that means Queenslanders have been ripped off to the tune of $38 billion. In other words, the big banks have ripped $38 billion out of the Queensland economy and given nothing back. It’s time for that to change.

Queensland Big Bank Levy 

The Queensland Greens will impose a State-based Big Bank Levy of 0.05% of total liabilities per quarter on the five biggest banks operating in Queensland and raise over $4.7 billion over four years, or $1.2 billion every year: 

  • The rate will be set at 0.05% per quarter (or 0.2% per year) and apply to Queensland’s share of bank liabilities (which is their main source of revenue) that are subject to the Commonwealth’s Major Bank levy (Commonwealth Bank, Westpac, ANZ, NAB and Macquarie).   

  • The Queensland share of bank liabilities will be calculated using Queensland’s Gross State Product as a share of national GDP which is currently 18.9%. 

  • Banks will be prohibited by law from passing on the cost of the levy directly to customers. 

By making sure big banks pay their fair share, Queensland could fund 4,000 nurses, 4,000 teachers, 10 new schools or 5 regional hospitals every single year. 

The Greens think it’s time we had little more for Queenslanders, and a little less for the big banks. 

To the Queensland Parliament, Labor and the LNP, we call on you to make the big banks pay their fair share via a Big Bank Levy to fund health, education and jobs.

Sign the petition now. 

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How much will it raise?

medical staff helping person with broken arm

 

The bank levy will raise $4.7 billion over four years or $1.2 billion every year on average. That’s $4.7 billion we take from the inflated profit margins of dodgy, greedy banks to invest in crucial public infrastructure, schools, hospitals and publicly owned renewable energy.

Year

2020/21

2021/22

2022/23

2023/24

Total

Queensland Big Bank Levy ($m)

$1,073m

$1,136m

$1,200m

$1,263m

$4,672m

“Too Big To Fail” is an Implicit Subsidy

The Big Four banks in Australia receive what is called an ‘implicit guarantee’ or subsidy. This is because, like big banks around the world, they are deemed ‘too big to fail’. That means banks and investors can take big risks and even commit criminal offences while still paying very low costs for borrowing because everyone assumes the government will always bail them out in a crisis. They take the profits, but the Australian people carry the risks and the costs of a bailout. 


A Fair Rate

The rate of the Queensland Greens’ Big Bank Levy is based on the IMF’s finding that “Systemically Important Banks” receive an ‘implicit subsidy’ of at least 20 basis points (0.2%) per year as a result of the special protection they receive from the government. The Reserve Bank of Australia has found that the large Australian banks receive an effective subsidy of between 20 - 40 basis points (0.2% -0.4%).  

A study conducted by modelling firm Macroeconomics and commissioned by the Customer Owned Banking Association found that the implicit subsidy for the big banks was between 22 and 34 basis points, amounting to up to $4.5 billion in 2014, or just under $5 billion in 2020 dollars.   

In this context the proposed rate of 0.05% per quarter or 0.2% per year is a perfectly fair recouping of the benefits which the big banks receive from public protection.

The levy will only apply to Queensland’s share of liabilities as calculated by Queensland’s share of the national economy.  

Over the last four years the five biggest banks have made $173 billion in pre-tax profits, with much of that coming from Queenslanders’ pockets. 


What are bank liabilities? 

The Big Bank Levy will be calculated based on a bank’s total liabilities, which is exactly the same as the tax base for the Federal government’s Major Bank Levy. Liabilities are banks’ main source of funding and include deposits from customers, loans from the Reserve Bank, trading liabilities and other loans taken by the bank. In simple terms, banks make money from the difference between the interest rates offered to customers who deposit money with the bank and interest rates on loans and mortgages issued by the bank. 


How does this work with the Federal Bank Levy?

The Federal Government’s Major Bank Levy is set at 0.015% per quarter of total liabilities minus deductions and applies to all banks with total liabilities above $100 billion. It is expected to raise $1.6 billion this financial year, which is below even the most conservative estimates with regards to subsidy the big banks receive. 

The Queensland State Bank Levy would be applied on top of the Major Bank Levy and charged at the same time. It is applied to the exact same set of bank liabilities and institutions. However, the Queensland Big Bank Levy only applies to Queensland’s share of total bank liabilities based on our GSP.


How much will each bank pay?

The below estimate is based on the proportions of liabilities held by each of the five banks, according to figures from Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA). As an example, the $291 million the Commonwealth Bank would pay in 2019/20 would represent about 0.7% of its total yearly revenue.  

Bank Breakdown ($m)

Queensland Proportion of Liabilities

2020/21

2021/22

2022/23

2023/24

Total

COMMONWEALTH BANK OF AUSTRALIA

28.79%

$309m

$327m

$345m

$364m

$1,345m

NATIONAL AUSTRALIA BANK LIMITED

17.46%

$187m

$198m

$209m

$220m

$816m

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND BANKING GROUP LIMITED

26.83%

$288m

$305m

$322m

$339m

$1,254m

WESTPAC BANKING CORPORATION

22.32%

$240m

$254m

$268m

$282m

$1,043m

MACQUARIE GROUP LIMITED

4.59%

$49m

$52m

$55m

$58m

$215m