New developments should be environmentally sound, close to employment and public transport, and should facilitate community interaction.
The Australian Greens believe that:
- Affordable housing is a human right.
- Access to secure, appropriate, affordable housing is a crucial determinant of health and well-being and is an important precondition for social participation and gaining access to other social services.
- The housing needs of low-income Australians should be met through the provision of a mix of affordable options, including community housing, community land trusts, public housing, shared equity with social housing providers and private rental housing.
- Governments should provide sufficient public and community housing to meet current need and projected demand.
- New urban developments should be environmentally sound, close to employment and public transport, and should facilitate community interaction.
- Residents should have ready access to natural open spaces.
- Public participation in the planning, assessment and development of public and community housing is a right, the exercise of which should be encouraged by planning authorities.
- The housing needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be met as a matter of urgency.
- All housing development should be based on principles of sustainable design and urban planning.
- Governments should support innovation and emerging industries in new construction methods, including sustainable fast-build modular housing.
- Innovation is needed in finance models to stimulate the supply of affordable housing.
- Existing subsidies and incentives for property investment should be reviewed with a view to guaranteeing housing affordability and affordable housing supply across all tenure types.
The Australian Greens want:
- The elimination of housing-related poverty.
- A commitment to the provision of supportive housing for homelessness, which emphasises independent housing solutions in preference to temporary and emergency ones.
- A national housing affordability plan.
- To reduce the impacts of negative gearing on housing affordability.
- Australians who are unable to provide their own housing to be given housing assistance by the government.
- Minimal waiting times on public housing waiting lists and urgent and sufficient funding to reduce current waiting lists for public and community housing.
- Public housing that is accessible, affordable, secure, habitable and in locations that provide reasonable access to employment, health-care, public transport, schools and other social facilities.
- Adequate investment in public and community housing throughout the community to ensure its social and economic viability.
- Improved legal rights and standards for renters including security of tenure, and reduced discrimination.
- Participation by tenants and homeless persons in decisions regarding their housing services.
- A reduction in the environmental impact of housing, both during construction and throughout the life of the building, including for new and established buildings to meet high minimum standards of durability, energy efficiency, noise insulation and water conservation.
- Priority given in town planning to recreational, cultural and social amenities that promote healthy communities.
- Greater diversity in housing to meet the accessibility needs of changing demographics and disadvantaged groups.
- To support the creation of new housing cooperatives and protect existing ones.
- Increased provision of emergency accommodation and transitional housing for people in need (including women and children affected by family violence, people experiencing homelessness, refugees and asylum seekers, migrants and people released from detention) with sufficient exit options to long-term housing.
- First Nations people to have access to adequate, secure, well-maintained, safe and culturally appropriate long-term housing, wherever they live.
- A targeted national strategy to address the high incidence of homelessness in the LGBTIQ and other marginalised communities.
- National planning guidelines for new housing developments that require:
- a social mix of public and private housing with a minimum target of 20% affordable and public housing, and housing that caters for diverse social and cultural needs;
- a revised national rating system that takes into account the best international standards for efficiency and sustainability;
- privacy and noise controls;
- permeable road networks allowing for bus access;
- segregated bicycle paths and footpaths;
- design and landscaping to incorporate water sensitive urban design including rainwater harvesting, stormwater, and wastewater recycling; and
- public open space in addition to community facilities.
- National building standards that:
- take account of climatic variation across the continent;
- strengthen disability access provisions;
- set high standards for energy and water efficiency including passive thermal heating and cooling design;
- specify minimum standards for non-toxic, low environmental impact construction material;
- make special provision for experimental housing that fosters innovation and the above aims; and
- enable adaptive re-use of empty buildings to create new housing.
- National urban planning guidelines that provide for:
- the location of high-density housing and commercial buildings close to high capacity public transport; and
- the clustering of medium-density housing, community facilities and small-scale businesses around neighbourhood shopping centres and other social facilities (including health care and schooling) linked with public transport.
(Policy endorsed: May 2018)